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Table 2 Frequency of causal constructions per textbook passage

From: An analysis of causal asyndetic constructions in United States history textbooks

Textbook passage Causal material processes Conjunctions Causal asyndetic constructions Total words per passage
Holt – American Revolution 10 (.39%) 10 (.39%) 8 (.31%) 2,589
Holt – Civil War 5 (.16%) 4 (.13%) 10 (.32%) 3,131
McGraw-Hill – American Revolution 13 (.17%) 4 (0%) 20 (.25%) 7,861
McGraw-Hill – Civil War 20 (.23%) 7 (0%) 7 (0%) 8,575
Prentice Hall – American Revolution 11 (.12%) 7 (0%) 22 (.25%) 8,962
Prentice Hall – Civil War 24 (.43%) 6 (.11%) 9 (.16%) 5,569
McDougal Little – American Revolution 25 (.24%) 22 (.22%) 28 (.27%) 10,207
McDougal Little – Civil War 21 (.25%) 16 (.19%) 20 (.24%) 8,243