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Table 1 Domains of elemental metaphors (Halliday & Matthiessen, 1999, p. 245)

From: Grammatical metaphor: What do we mean? What exactly are we researching?

Congruent: Metaphorical    
  ➝ Circumstance ➝ Process ➝ Quality ➝ Thing
Quality ➝ unstable     1 instability
Process ➝ absorb    3 absorptive 2 absorption
Circumstance ➝ instead of; on the surface   6 replaces 5 alternative; superficial 4 replacement; surface
Relator for/because ➝ [b, for/because a] so [a, so b] 10 because of; as a result 9 causes, proves; ensues, follows from 8 casual; consequent 7 cause, proof; result
  12 occurs; imposes; does, has   11 phenomenon, fact
Thing, circumstance ➝ drive [be safe] decided [today] 13 expansion of Thing < in Environment of 1 or 2 > driver [safety] driver’s [safety] [safety of the driver] today’s [decision] [decision] of today