Skip to main content


Table 2 Speech function and MODALITY

From: Recreating the image of Chan master Huineng: the roles of MOOD and MODALITY

Speech function Type of intermediacy Example of realization
Proposition Modalization Probability He may be an Australian.
He is possibly an Australian.
I think he is an Australian.
Usuality He must walk when it is sunny.
He always walks when it is sunny.
Proposal Modulation Obligation You should read the book.
You are required to read the book.
Inclination I will read the book for you.
I want to read the book for you.