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Table 4 Four English translations chosen in the study

From: Recreating the image of Chan master Huineng: the roles of MOOD and MODALITY

Translator Title of translation Translator’s identity Publishing year Publishing agency and place
Wong Mou-lam Sutra Spoken by the Sixth Patriarch (Wei Lang) on the High Seat of The Gem of Law (Message from the East) Chinese, layperson 1930 The Pure Karma Buddhist Association, Shanghai
Heng Yin The Sixth Patriarch's Dharma Jewel Platform Sutra American, Buddhist 1977 (second edition) The Buddhist Text Translation Society, San Francisco
Thomas Cleary The Sutra of Hui-neng, Grand Master of Zen---with Hui-neng’s Commentary on the Diamond Sutra American, layperson 1998 Shambhala Publications, USA
Cheng Kuan The Dharmic Treasure Altar-Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch Chinese, Buddhist 2011 (second edition) Neo-Carefree Garden Buddhist Canon Translation Institute, Taipei