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Table 6 weA by process type

From: The extent to which the passive voice is used in the scientific journal article, 1985–2015

Series A
  1985 1995 2005 2015
  n = 352 n = 21 n = 72 n = 240
Material 2% 24% 1% 4%
Mental 75% 62% 60% 75%
Relational 4% - 2% 6%
Verbal 19% 14% 22% 15%
Series B
  1985 1995 2005 2015
  n = 24 n = 130 n = 63 n = 80
Material 13% 5% 37% 18%
Mental 58% 66% 57% 54%
Relational - 12% - 4%
Verbal 29% 17% 6% 25%