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Fig. 1 | Functional Linguistics

Fig. 1

From: Language shift: analysing language use in multilingual classroom interactions

Fig. 1

Topology of bilingual education programs. The topology of bilingual education programs consists of two intersecting axes. The vertical axis reveals language learning on two poles: language-focused at the top end and content-focused at the bottom end. The horizontal axis represents language use which involves enfolding as a cline with L1 as transitional and enveloping at the other one as L2 only use

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