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Table 3 Clause complexes

From: Causal relations on a cline of explicitness: an SFL perspective

Experiential congruencyLogical congruencyTextual congruencyDelicacyClause complex
✔✔XXX(5) Having been ignorant of the realities of history and material development, the traditional approach consistently failed.
✔✔XXX6) The traditional approach has ignored the realities of history and material development, and it has consistently failed.
✔✔XX(7a) The traditional approach has ignored the realities of history and material development, (and) so it has consistently failed.
✔✔XX(7b) The traditional approach has consistently failed, for it has ignored the realities of history and material development.
✔✔XX(7c) Since/As it has ignored the realities of history and material development, the traditional approach consistently failed.
✔✔X(8a) Because it has ignored the realities of history and material development, the traditional approach consistently failed.
✔XXX(8b) The traditional approach has ignored the realities of history and material development, resulting in/leading to/which resulted in its consistent failure.
✔✔X(8c) The traditional approach has ignored the realities of history and material development, with the result that it has consistently failed.
✔✔X(8d) The traditional approach has ignored the realities of history and material development, and thus/therefore it has consistently failed.
✔✔X(8e) The traditional approach has ignored … development, thus consistently failing.